Oral histories are the voices of the disenfranchised—the famous and the lesser known. Artists, musicians, laborers, survivors, immigrants, and students are just a few of the silent people to whom oral histories give voice. Groups whose stories otherwise might remain unnoticed—the illiterate, common people, minorities, and others who rarely see their stories published—can finally be heard through oral histories.
This kind of material has not been accessible to a wide audience. Most existing indexes reference oral history only as a broad collection category. The rare finding aid that does point to specific collections lacks controlled vocabularies and is not electronic. As a result, there has been no easy way for scholars to find such materials related to their research. Even when they can locate the writings, researchers face the task of wading through hundreds of pages of text before determining whether any of the content is relevant.
Oral History Online brings together English-language oral histories available hidden away in archives all around the world, linking subscribers to full text, audio, and video whenever available. The database also includes tens of thousands of pages of full text that are available nowhere else but through Alexander Street—including 40,000 pages of Ellis Island oral histories in electronic format for the first time, exclusive Black Panther Party narratives, and other unique and in-copyright content.
The index points to thousands of collections that represent millions pages of histories. We have created a richly detailed bibliographic record for every interview, every collection, and every repository, allowing users to search using multiple, combinable fields as well as with keyword searching of every interview.
"If you read the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution of the United States, if you read and believe that they're for you, which I grew up believing, then it is very difficult to believe that you're not a worthwhile person, that you shouldn't have access to all the things that go along with being a free person in a free society and a democratic society. Now, of course, when the Declaration of Independence was written, the people who wrote it really did not have black people in mind when they wrote it. But when I read it, I read it to include me. You know, if you read Martin Luther King's statements, he believed also that these things were for all people, and that's what he preached."
— Margaret C. Dabney, relating her experiences during the Civil Rights struggle. Interview by Prudence L. Justis and Kendra Johnson for Virginia Commonwealth University, March 28, 1992.
Because we have added our Semantic Indexing to each bibliographic record, users can search in ways that yield details that, in many instances, have been difficult to find until now. Labor historians, for example, will learn about the personal experiences of male and female workers in relation to unions, along with accounts of the normal experience of work and its impact on the family and community. Urban historians will probe the less-explored aspects of urban social life—the small industrial or market town, for example, or the middle class suburb. Researchers can get an inside look at the struggles for woman suffrage, civil rights, or gay rights, or examine firsthand accounts from Holocaust survivors, Vietnam veterans, or terrorist attack victims.
"... He said that we had married on the theory that I was to continue work and that as soon as the baby got a little older, I was to get a babysitter and get back to my job. He said he had no intentions of supporting me and the baby. That was the agreement when we were married. So it occurred to me, at that point in Las Vegas, that we women were getting into hot water on some subjects about the future and some of the women were getting into hot water, too."
–Sylvie Grace Thompson Thygeson, "In the Parlor," an oral history from The Suffragists: From Tea-Parties to Prison, Regional Oral History Office, University of California, Berkeley, 1975. Courtesy, The Bancroft Library.
Oral History Online allows users to carry out a unified search across all available resources in this subject area, encompassing: editorially selected free oral histories on the Web, oral histories contained in other Alexander Street full-text collections in your library, projects in the Alexander Street Oral History Series, and other narratives. Our interface orchestrates the search results into a unified results set and will connect users to all relevant content with a single search.
Oral History Online is available on the Web through annual subscription. It contains an index and links to editorially vetted, Web-based oral histories in English in archives and libraries around the world, with links to full text, audio, and video when available. It also contains tens of thousands of in-copyright, full-text interviews from proprietary collections. Prices are scaled to budget and full-time enrollment.